Interview as a way of collecting information: strategy of questions

Interview as a way of collecting information: strategy of questions

It is important to tell apart interviews as a way of gathering interviewing and information being a genre. That is, communication with people, is one of three ways to obtain information by a researcher in the first case, interview. Two different ways are:

  • observation, as soon as the researcher himself is an eyewitness associated with the occasion,
  • working with papers, in which the document means any material carrier containing texts and pictures.

Forms of interviews and their function

Interviews as an approach of data gathering in turn are split into:

  • genre (for preparation of text into the genre of interview),
  • investigative (for information),
  • reportage (to spot the faculties of a person, then to reflect them within the text).

The reportage interview had been discussed in the chapter that is previous. In regards to the investigative will learn in the chapter on information retrieval. The theme of the chapter is interview as a genre, as a real way of text formatting by means of questions from the interviewer plus the responses associated with interlocutor. At the exact same time there is an interview-monologue at one pole, where the amount of questions of this researcher is minimized (sometimes they are no after all), during the other pole – a discussion, once the journalist not just asks concerns, but additionally speaks much with long arguments.

The fact that the interview is a discussion, shows in regards to the same number of replicas of the journalist and interlocutor. Within the typical interview, the interviewer responses simply take 70-90% for the text. A discussion could be carried out by a journalist, by authority equal to the interlocutor, so your opinion with this journalist has also been interesting to readers, due to the fact viewpoint of this interlocutor. This is a sign of insufficient qualification if an ordinary journalist speaks as much or more in an interview as an interlocutor.

Types of interviews depending on the topic. Subject meeting

With respect to the subject, you will find three types of interviews:

  • subject,
  • personal,
  • subject-personal.

Subject of the subject interview is the state of things in just about any industry of task. Often this might be a job interview with an expert, a genre of rational publicism. The interlocutor is interesting towards the journalist exactly as much as he could be related to this continuing state of affairs. For instance, a police officer informs how exactly to protect a condo from thieves. The physician describes how exactly to protect your self through the flu epidemic. The advisor that is financial a forecast just how long the crisis is supposed to be from the change. Neither the interlocutor’s opinion on issues that deviate from the meeting topic, nor the private life of the interlocutor is of interest.

The dwelling of this subject interview consists of three components. First, they show the interlocutor’s experience of the subject. Then there’s a parsing associated with the topic for the true purpose of its presentation, clarification and assessment. The topic interview stops utilizing the streamlining of that which was stated, summarizing, practical suggestions to readers.

The hero associated with topic interview can also be an eyewitness or participant in case. This might be a given information interview, among the news genres. The job associated with the journalist would be to learn whenever you can the information and information on what occurred. The interlocutor’s communication with the topic is first shown, then the topic is deepened, and the ending is devoted to general impressions of what happened and the conclusions that the interlocutor made as in the case of an expert.